The Future of Ethereum: Key Updates and Their Impact

Ethereum stands out as one of the most innovative blockchain projects and is the second-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization. It has significantly transformed the field of digital transactions and decentralized finance (DeFi) by introducing smart contracts and decentralized applications (dApps).

Despite these advancements, Ethereum has encountered challenges with scalability and transaction speeds. These issues have been substantially addressed with the transition to Ethereum 2.0, which promises enhanced performance and efficiency.

The widespread expectation is that the network’s capacity will be greatly enhanced following the introduction of “Proto-Danksharding”, a technique that allows it to process many transactions for lower costs.

This article focuses on the impact of significant upgrades to the Ethereum platform.

Version 2.0 of Ethereum: The Beacon Chain

Future of Ethereum

“Serenity,” or Ethereum 2.0, is a highly anticipated update to the Ethereum platform. With this upgrade, Ethereum fixed some of the network’s scalability and security problems. Among the most notable additions to Ethereum 2.0 are:

  • Ethereum 2.0 switched from a proof-of-work (PoW) consensus mechanism to a proof-of-stake (PoS) one. Through this update, the network achieved improved scalability and reduced energy consumption.
  • By using a technology called sharding, the Ethereum network increased its capacity and speed by processing many transactions simultaneously.
  • The Beacon Chain, Ethereum 2.0’s first phase, underpins PoS consensus. The launch in December 2020 changed Ethereum’s history.

Ethereum 2.0 significantly enhances the speed and scalability of the Ethereum network, providing a notable benefit. Due to the implementation of sharding and the transition to Proof of Stake (PoS), Ethereum’s transaction throughput has experienced a substantial improvement, rendering it more suitable for decentralized applications (dApps) and decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms.

EIP-1559: Fee Market Upgrade

Changes to the calculation and payment of transaction fees on the Ethereum network are proposed in EIP-1559, another key update to Ethereum. Among the most important parts of EIP-1559 are:

  • The Base Charge: Instead of paying miners, EIP-1559 initiates a base charge for every transaction that is burnt (disposed of). The anticipated results include less network congestion and more predictable transaction fees.
  • Additional Fee: Users have the option to include an additional fee to encourage miners to prioritize their transactions, in addition to the normal fee. In an effort to do away with the present fee bidding structure, miners will be paid a priority charge.

It is believed that EIP-1559 significantly alters Ethereum’s transaction fees and the user experience as a whole. This is achieved by instituting a basic charge and a more predictable fee structure.

Options for the Second Layer: Optimism and Rollups

Ethereum 2.0 and EIP-1559 aren’t the only Layer 2 technologies in development to make the Ethereum network more efficient and scalable. One well-known option is optimism, and another is rollups:

  • To improve Ethereum’s network throughput, the optimistic rollups used by the optimism layer provide a layer 2 scaling option. To alleviate congestion and decrease transaction fees, Optimism proposes to move transactions off-chain and then combine them before submitting them to the Ethereum mainnet.
  • Rollups: By combining numerous transactions into one and sending it to the Ethereum mainnet, rollups provide an additional layer of scalability. Simplifying computing on the mainnet and making it more scalable are both achieved by this.

By enhancing the Ethereum network’s scalability, layer 2 solutions such as Optimism and Rollups make the platform more efficient and affordable for customers. Potentially attracting more developers to Ethereum and growing adoption of decentralized applications and DeFi platforms, these methods aim to decrease transaction fees and increase throughput.

The Dencun Upgrade

To enhance functionality, Ethereum’s major upgrade known as ‘Dencun’ introduced a new feature called ‘Proto-Danksharding’. This feature creates a designated area on the blockchain for data storage, which separates data storage from regular transactions. As a result, it leads to better utilization of the blockchain and reduced costs for users.”

By removing data storage responsibilities from the main blockchain and placing them on a separate layer, EIP-4484, or “Proto-Danksharding” aims to make the Ethereum network more scalable and faster.

Decentralized apps (dApps) on Ethereum can now be more complicated and data-intensive thanks to this partitioning of responsibilities, which also gives developers more flexibility when handling data. With EIP-4484, smart contracts can utilize their own funds to pay for their execution, increasing their self-sufficiency and lessening the load on users. 


The Dencun update with “proto-danksharding,” Ethereum 2.0, and EIP-1559 are all proposed enhancements to Ethereum that greatly improved the platform. These changes aim to enhance the user experience by improving usability, increasing scalability, and reducing costs.

The improvements support Ethereum’s position as a leading blockchain platform, offering a robust framework for decentralized applications and novel applications. It also positions it favorably to cater to the needs of developers and users in the cryptocurrency market, leading to a more decentralized and efficient future.

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Ashwin S

A cybersecurity enthusiast at heart with a passion for all things tech. Yet his creativity extends beyond the world of cybersecurity. With an innate love for design, he's always on the lookout for unique design concepts.